Improving your lifestyle with asthma and allergy solutions
If you suffer from an itchy and runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing, and a tickle in the back of your throat, then you probably have an allergy. An allergy means a hypersensitivity to a particular substance called an allergen. Hypersensitivity means that the body’s immune system, which defends against infection, disease, and foreign bodies, reacts inappropriately to the allergen. Examples of common allergens are pollen, mold, ragweed, dust, feathers, cat hair, makeup, walnuts, aspirin, shellfish, poison ivy, and chocolate.
There are four common types of allergic responses, although many substances can cause more than one type of response in a given person:
If you have asthma, there's a good chance that an underlying allergy, to pollen or cat dander, a key role is playing your breathing problems. About 50% of people with asthma have allergic asthma. The first step is to avoid the allergen, but that's not always possible or sufficient to stop symptoms, like wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath. That's where medication comes in. Inhalers, Nasal sprays, Pills, Eye drops. Here are some common drugs used to treat allergic asthma.
Inhaler is a special device, procuring the delivery of medicine into the respiratory tract of the patient. The first represented inhaler was simple and bulky, but now there are several kinds, each with its pluses and minuses.
In case of bronchial asthma, inhalers are the perfect way to deliver the medicine directly into the required zone. Injections or oral use of the medicine makes it travel through many blood vessels, liver and spread around the whole body.
Bronchial asthma attack is not the condition that lets you wait for a dozen minutes before the medicine takes effect. When the solution is spread right into the needed zone, it starts working immediately. Additionally, inhaler is very simple to use. Injection requires implementation of the rules of antisepsis and demands certain skill of the doer. Children are often afraid of injections, while they take inhalers positively.
Those reasons make inhaler true panacea for bronchial asthma, without any anticipated replacement in foreseeable future.
It's a name for devices for inhalations that provide spraying of the medications into very tiny fractions. Thanks to that method, the light particle reaches the most distant sites of the respiratory tract and the better effect is achieved. By the principle of action nebulizers are divided into compressor and ultrasonic (special membrane vibrates and splits the substance into fractions).
Nebulizers are usually bulky (compared to pocket inhalers), which doesn't allow carrying them and using in case of emergency, but they are perfect for use at home.
The amount of portative nebulizers grows in recent years. They can work from batteries, but they are not widely spread yet and are relatively expensive.
After a sequence of researches, medical specialists have discovered that many patients make mistakes that lower the efficiency of treatment during inhalation. The creation of inhalers, activated by the breath in of patient, was a brilliant solution for such problem. The device senses when the airflow rushes in lungs and ejects the needed dose by itself.
Today one can find a great diversity of medications for asthma in each drugstore. Patient should know that the brand name of the asthma inhalers (Turbuhaler, Pulvinal, Diskus, Easyhaler, Diskhaler and many others) are not always the name of the medication. One active substance can sell under different brand names.
As it's been said before, all the asthma medications divide into two large subgroups: broncholytics and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Bronchodilators are the first-line maintenance treatment for Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. COPD can't be cured, but it can be treated. Early diagnosis, lifestyle changes and appropriate drug treatments can help you lead a normal and active life, feel better and stay out of hospital.
COPD medicines cannot cure COPD, but they can improve your symptoms. Your doctor will prescribe the COPD medicines that are right for you. Learn more about COPD medicines.
Inhalational glucocorticoids are the great solution for prevention of medium severity asthma attacks. Medicines that belong to that group are beclometason, budesonide, fluticasone, flunisolide.
(The medications are not spread widely, but pediatricians use them to prevent exercise-induced asthma and allergic conjunctivitis in children. They are not produced as inhalers, but are actively used as simple aerosols, designed for irrigation of nasal mucosa. Representatives of the group: cromolin and nedocromil.)
Despite the variety of solutions for bronchial asthma, the standard treatment for most patients consists in use of short-action selective beta-adrenomimetic (when needed) together with an inhalational glucocorticoid. Pediatric practice also includes the active use of mast cell membranes stabilizers.
It's impossible to describe all the inhalers, used for treatment of bronchial asthma, in one article, and it's not necessary. All of them contain the above substances in various combinations and dosages. Attending doctor prescribes a certain medication after the medical examination of the patient, depending on the examination results.
At Asthma & Allergy Inc., we are committed to serving the unique needs of patients with allergies, from infants to senior citizens.
Whether you have hay fever, drug allergies or recurrent infections, these could be signs of underlying immune problems. We are here to help determine the best treatment options, which can make a big difference in how you feel and how you live.